Expert witnesses reiterated the need for culturally and linguistically relevant programming as an evidence-based means to improve student performance.
An eight-week trial against the state of New Mexico has finally concluded. The case alleges that New Mexico has violated the constitutional rights of its public school students.
The consolidated lawsuit, which was filed by the New Mexico Center on Law and Poverty and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, claims that the state’s arbitrary and inadequate funding of public schools, and lack of necessary monitoring and oversight, deprives children — particularly low-income, Native American, and English language learner (ELL) students — of a sufficient education, in violation of the New Mexico Constitution.
“It was very clear from the defense that the state is in denial about the educational crisis that New Mexico students face,” said Marisa Bono, MALDEF Southwest Regional Counsel, in a press release. “We look forward to a ruling from the court that will force the state to stop fiddling while Rome burns, and start providing equal educational opportunities to all students.”
Through the course of the trial, a number of respected national and state experts provided testimony about how New Mexico’s public school system is in crisis. They provided data about the state’s dismal education outcomes, most notably that three out of four students cannot read or write at grade level and two-thirds cannot do math at grade level, that graduation rates are among the lowest in the nation, and a majority of New Mexico graduates are not college and career ready.
Educators and school leaders from across the state discussed the distinct needs of New Mexico’s large population of ELLs and the importance of expanded access to quality bilingual/multicultural education programs and properly trained teachers. PED’s own expert admitted that the state does not provide oversight or monitoring for thousands of ELLs in New Mexico.
Witness testimony addressed the ways in which historical and current injustices have led to disparate outcomes for Native students and ELLs. Expert witnesses reiterated the need for culturally and linguistically relevant programming as an evidence-based means to improve student performance.
Furthermore, testimony was offered about what steps should be taken to fundamentally improve academic outcomes and close the achievement gap. It was virtually undisputed that high quality preschool and extended learning opportunities like the K-3 Plus Program, which adds 25 more days to the school year for elementary school students, are necessary to ensure that that low income and ELL students start school ready.
Yet a majority of eligible children in New Mexico do not have access to such programs. Others spoke to the importance of wraparound services in a high poverty state like New Mexico, such as access to social workers and counselors, tutors, and on campus healthcare services that are necessary to mitigate the impact of poverty on learning.
Defense witnesses testified under cross examination that the state has made policy choices over the past decade that have benefited higher income New Mexicans and corporations and resulted in a loss of hundreds of millions of dollars in state revenue every year. Defense experts also acknowledged that students who attend high-poverty schools have less access to effective teachers, but the state has failed to provide adequate resources to provide the mentoring and training that teachers need to improve, and the proper compensation for effective teacher recruitment and retention strategies.
The New Mexico Center on Law and Poverty’s lawsuit, Yazzie v. State of New Mexico, was filed in March 2014 on behalf of a group of families and school districts including Gallup-McKinley, Rio Rancho, Santa Fe, Cuba, Moriarty/Edgewood, and Lake Arthur. The families represented have children who are ELLs, Native American or economically disadvantaged and have been negatively impacted by the lack of resources provided to New Mexico public schools.
The Martinez lawsuit was brought on behalf of parents and public school children from Española, Santa Fe, Albuquerque, Zuni, Magdalena, Las Cruces and Gadsden. It was filed in April 2014 by MALDEF following extensive discussions with community groups, local leaders, and parents in New Mexico concerning chronic achievement gaps on standardized tests and other systemic failures.
State attorneys sought to dismiss the lawsuit, but the court denied the request and ruled for the first time in New Mexico’s history that education is a fundamental right.
The trial for the consolidated lawsuit began on June 12. It calls for the court to declare the current system of public education constitutionally insufficient, and order the state to provide the programming and resources necessary for all public school students to succeed, as well as ensure that funds are distributed equitably, including for economically disadvantaged and ELL students.